Concept 2: Functional Ability(FREE) My Nursing Test Banks

Concept 2: Functional Ability

Test Bank

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The nurse is assessing a patients functional ability. Which activities most closely match the definition of functional ability?

a.

Healthy individual, works outside the home, uses a cane, well groomed

b.

Healthy individual, college educated, travels frequently, can balance a checkbook

c.

Healthy individual, works out, reads well, cooks and cleans house

d.

Healthy individual, volunteers at church, works part time, takes care of family and house

ANS: D

Functional ability refers to the individuals ability to perform the normal daily activities required to meet basic needs; fulfill usual roles in the family, workplace, and community; and maintain health and well-being. The other options are good; however, each option has advanced or independent activities in the context of the option.

REF: 11

OBJ: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Physiological Integrity: Basic Care and Comfort

2. The nurse is assessing a patients functional performance. What assessment parameters will be most important in this assessment?

a.

Continence assessment, gait assessment, feeding assessment, dressing assessment, transfer assessment

b.

Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), vital signs assessment

c.

Sleep assessment, energy assessment, memory assessment, concentration assessment

d.

Healthy individual, volunteers at church, works part time, takes care of family and house

ANS: A

Functional impairment, disability, or handicap refers to varying degrees of an individuals inability to perform the tasks required to complete normal life activities without assistance. Height, weight, BMI, and vital signs are physical assessment. Sleep, energy, memory, and concentration are part of a depression screening. Healthy, volunteering, working, and caring for family and house are functional abilities, not performance.

REF: 11

OBJ: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Physiological Integrity: Reduction of Risk Potential

3. The nurse is assessing a patient with a mobility dysfunction and wants to gain insight into the patients functional ability. What question would be the most appropriate?

a.

Are you able to shop for yourself?

b.

Do you use a cane, walker, or wheelchair to ambulate?

c.

Do you know what todays date is?

d.

Were you sad or depressed more than once in the last 3 days?

ANS: B

Do you use a cane, walker, or wheelchair to ambulate? will assist the nurse in determining the patients ability to perform self-care activities. A nutritional health risk assessment is not the functional assessment. Knowing the date is part of a mental status exam. Assessing sadness is a question to ask in the depression screening.

REF: 11-12

OBJ: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

4. The nurse is developing an interdisciplinary plan of care using the Roper-Logan-Tierney Model of Nursing for a patient who is currently unconscious. Which interventions would be most critical to developing a plan of care for this patient?

a.

Eating and drinking, personal cleansing and dressing, working and playing

b.

Toileting, transferring, dressing, and bathing activities

c.

Sleeping, expressing sexuality, socializing with peers

d.

Maintaining a safe environment, breathing, maintaining temperature

ANS: D

The most critical aspects of care for an unconscious patient are safe environment, breathing, and temperature. Eating and drinking are contraindicated in unconscious patients. Toileting, transferring, dressing, and bathing activities are BADLs. Sleeping, expressing sexuality, and socializing with peers are a part of the Roper-Logan-Tierney Model of Nursing; however, these are not the most critical for developing the plan of care in an unconscious patient.

REF: 13

OBJ: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

5. The home care nurse is trying to determine the necessary services for a 65-year-old patient who was admitted to the home care service status after left knee replacement. Which tool(s) will assist with this determination?

a.

Minimum Data Set (MDS)

b.

Functional Status Scale (FSS)

c.

24-Hour Functional Ability Questionnaire (24hFAQ)

d.

The Edmonton Functional Assessment Tool

ANS: C

The 24hFAQ assesses the postoperative patient in the home setting. The MDS is for nursing home patients. The FSS is for children. The Edmonton is for cancer patients.

REF: 13 OBJ: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Health Promotion and Maintenance

6. The nurse is assessing a patients functional abilities and asks the patient, How would you rate your ability to prepare a balanced meal? How would you rate your ability to balance a checkbook? How would you rate your ability to keep track of your appointments? Which tool would be indicated for the best results of this patients perception of their abilities?

a.

Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ)

b.

Mini Mental Status Exam (MMSE)

c.

24hFAQ

d.

Performance-based functional measurement

ANS: A

The FAQ is an example of a self-report tool which provides information about the patients perception of functional ability. The MMSE assesses cognitive impairment. The 24hFAQ is used to assess functional ability in postoperative patients. Performance-based tools involve actual observation of a standardized task, completion of which is judged by objective criteria.

REF: 12 OBJ: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Health Promotion and Maintenance

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

1. A 65-year-old female patient has been admitted to the medical/surgical unit. The nurse is assessing the patients risk for falls so that falls prevention can be implemented if necessary. Select all the risk factors that apply from this patients history and physical. (Select all that apply.)

a.

Being a woman

b.

Taking more than six medications

c.

Having hypertension

d.

Having cataracts

e.

Muscle strength 3/5 bilaterally

f.

Incontinence

ANS: B, D, E, F

Adverse effects of medications can contribute to falls. Cataracts impair vision, which is a risk factor for falls. Poor muscle strength is a risk factor for falls. Incontinence of urine or stool increases risk for falls. Men have a higher risk for falls. Hypertension itself does not contribute to falls. Dizziness does contribute to falls.

REF: 14

OBJ: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Physiological Integrity: Reduction of Risk Potential

OTHER

1. Match the activities listed with the appropriate functional level of ability: Use A for instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and use B for basic activities of daily living (BADLs). (Your answer should appear as letters separated by commas and spaces [e.g., A, A, A, A, A, A].)

A. Uses a cane

B. Bathes daily

C. Takes medications as prescribed

D. Dresses self

E. Balances the checkbook

F. Cleans the house

ANS:

B, B, A, B, A, A

Functional impairment, disability, or handicap refers to varying degrees of an individuals inability to perform the tasks required to complete normal life activities without assistance. IADLs are more complex skills that are essential to living in the community.

REF: 14

OBJ: NCLEX Client Needs Category: Physiological Integrity: Reduction of Risk Potential

Leave a Reply