Chapter 1(FREE) My Nursing Test Banks

 

Kneisl, Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing, 3/e Test Bank
Chapter 1

Question 1

Type: MCSA

During the shift report, a nurse describes a client as crazy. Which approach by the nurse would be best?

1. Ask the staff what terminology they wish to use.

2. Say nothing.

3. Suggest that staff use the term mentally ill.

4. Role model using the term nervous breakdown.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: The nurse should suggest that staff use the term mentally ill, thus, reinforcing that the client has an illness. The term nervous breakdown is too general and nonspecific for clinical usage. Saying nothing or asking staff what terminology to use is not implementing the clientadvocate role of the professional nurse.

Rationale 2: The nurse should suggest that staff use the term mentally ill, thus, reinforcing that the client has an illness. The term nervous breakdown is too general and nonspecific for clinical usage. Saying nothing or asking staff what terminology to use is not implementing the clientadvocate role of the professional nurse.

Rationale 3: The nurse should suggest that staff use the term mentally ill, thus, reinforcing that the client has an illness. The term nervous breakdown is too general and nonspecific for clinical usage. Saying nothing or asking staff what terminology to use is not implementing the clientadvocate role of the professional nurse.

Rationale 4: The nurse should suggest that staff use the term mentally ill, thus, reinforcing that the client has an illness. The term nervous breakdown is too general and nonspecific for clinical usage. Saying nothing or asking staff what terminology to use is not implementing the clientadvocate role of the professional nurse.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: Define and explain mental disorder.

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The psychiatric mental health nursing student is preparing to attend a meeting of the psychiatric mental health care team to discuss possible updates to clients diagnoses. In preparing for this meeting, the nursing student should consult which of the following references?

1. Standards of Psychiatric Nursing Practice

2. Psychiatric nursing care plan manual

3. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

4. Dictionary of common mental disorders

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Mental disorders are identified, standardized, and categorized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). All members of the health care team use this reference. A psychiatric nursing care plan manual is a reference for nursing care and a dictionary will offer only a general definition. Standards of Psychiatric Nursing Practice outlines nursing responsibilities, but does not apply to clients or other members of the multidisciplinary health care team.

Rationale 2: Mental disorders are identified, standardized, and categorized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). All members of the health care team use this reference. A psychiatric nursing care plan manual is a reference for nursing care and a dictionary will offer only a general definition. Standards of Psychiatric Nursing Practice outlines nursing responsibilities, but does not apply to clients or other members of the multidisciplinary health care team.

Rationale 3: Mental disorders are identified, standardized, and categorized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). All members of the health care team use this reference. A psychiatric nursing care plan manual is a reference for nursing care and a dictionary will offer only a general definition. Standards of Psychiatric Nursing Practice outlines nursing responsibilities, but does not apply to clients or other members of the multidisciplinary health care team.

Rationale 4: Mental disorders are identified, standardized, and categorized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). All members of the health care team use this reference. A psychiatric nursing care plan manual is a reference for nursing care and a dictionary will offer only a general definition. Standards of Psychiatric Nursing Practice outlines nursing responsibilities, but does not apply to clients or other members of the multidisciplinary health care team.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: Define and explain mental disorder.

Question 3

Type: MCSA

The nurse is sharing client assessment data with the multidisciplinary health care team. Which comment by the nurse is irrelevant and indicates a misunderstanding of the concept of a mental disorder?

1. The client reports significant emotional distress about the current situation.

2. The client reports a loss of interest in usual pleasurable activities and commitments.

3. The client denies thoughts of harming self or others.

4. The client has some very inappropriate religious ideas and spiritual beliefs.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Deviant religious beliefs and behavior are not generally labeled as mental disorders unless the deviance is a symptom of dysfunction. Thoughts of harming self or others, emotional distress, and a loss of interest in usual pleasurable activities and commitments are relevant and meet the generally accepted definition of a mental disorder.

Rationale 2: Deviant religious beliefs and behavior are not generally labeled as mental disorders unless the deviance is a symptom of dysfunction. Thoughts of harming self or others, emotional distress, and a loss of interest in usual pleasurable activities and commitments are relevant and meet the generally accepted definition of a mental disorder.

Rationale 3: Deviant religious beliefs and behavior are not generally labeled as mental disorders unless the deviance is a symptom of dysfunction. Thoughts of harming self or others, emotional distress, and a loss of interest in usual pleasurable activities and commitments are relevant and meet the generally accepted definition of a mental disorder.

Rationale 4: Deviant religious beliefs and behavior are not generally labeled as mental disorders unless the deviance is a symptom of dysfunction. Thoughts of harming self or others, emotional distress, and a loss of interest in usual pleasurable activities and commitments are relevant and meet the generally accepted definition of a mental disorder.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: Define and explain mental disorder.

Question 4

Type: MCSA

The nursing assistant verbalizes to the psychiatric nurse that normal people dont have mental disorders. Which approach by the nurse would be best?

1. Instruct the nursing assistant that anyone can have a mental health problem.

2. Alert the nursing manager of the nursing assistants remark.

3. Refer the nursing assistant back to the psychiatric orientation materials.

4. Ignore the comment; the nurse has no responsibility in this situation.

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: The nurse should instruct that given the right circumstances, anyone can have a mental health problem or disorder. The nursing assistants ability to be therapeutic with clients may be decreased if misinformation is not corrected. Referring the assistant back to the orientation materials, alerting the nursing manager, and ignoring the comment do not address the situation directly. The nurse has an opportunity to be a positive role model and teacher and promote therapeutic care.

Rationale 2: The nurse should instruct that given the right circumstances, anyone can have a mental health problem or disorder. The nursing assistants ability to be therapeutic with clients may be decreased if misinformation is not corrected. Referring the assistant back to the orientation materials, alerting the nursing manager, and ignoring the comment do not address the situation directly. The nurse has an opportunity to be a positive role model and teacher and promote therapeutic care.

Rationale 3: The nurse should instruct that given the right circumstances, anyone can have a mental health problem or disorder. The nursing assistants ability to be therapeutic with clients may be decreased if misinformation is not corrected. Referring the assistant back to the orientation materials, alerting the nursing manager, and ignoring the comment do not address the situation directly. The nurse has an opportunity to be a positive role model and teacher and promote therapeutic care.

Rationale 4: The nurse should instruct that given the right circumstances, anyone can have a mental health problem or disorder. The nursing assistants ability to be therapeutic with clients may be decreased if misinformation is not corrected. Referring the assistant back to the orientation materials, alerting the nursing manager, and ignoring the comment do not address the situation directly. The nurse has an opportunity to be a positive role model and teacher and promote therapeutic care.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: Define and explain mental disorder.

Question 5

Type: MCMA

The nurse is teaching the client regarding the concept of mental disorders. In instructing the client, what areas should be covered in the explanation of what impacts the determination of a mental disorder?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Social conditions

2. Biochemistry

3. Motherchild interactions

4. Brain structure

5. Culture

Correct Answer: 1,2,4,5

Rationale 1: Social conditions. The appropriateness of behavior is judged as plausible or not plausible according to a set of social, ethical, and legal rules that define the limits of appropriate behavior and reality.

Rationale 2: Biochemistry. Research has shown that brain chemicals and processes are frequently altered in mental disorders.

Rationale 3: Motherchild interactions. While family interactions are important in mental health, current theory and research emphasize a more biological and societal definition.

Rationale 4: Brain structure. Contemporary diagnostic testing has demonstrated some structural differences in persons who have mental disorders.

Rationale 5: Culture. Behavior may be considered part of a mental disorder in one culture, but perfectly normal and acceptable in another.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: Define and explain mental disorder.

Question 6

Type: MCSA

The nurse is teaching staff at a community mental health clinic about what constitutes a mental disorder. Which comment by staff indicates to the nurse the need for further teaching?

1. Experiencing distressful symptoms may imply a mental disorder.

2. Experiencing pain and suffering may imply a mental disorder.

3. Being unable to function in everyday life is consistent with a mental disorder.

4. Grieving after a loss may signal a mental disorder.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: A mental disorder is a psychological group of symptoms in which an individual experiences distress, or impairment in one or more areas of functioning, or a significant increased risk of suffering, pain, loss of freedom, or death. Grieving after a loss is a normal grief response and does not constitute a mental disorder.

Rationale 2: A mental disorder is a psychological group of symptoms in which an individual experiences distress, or impairment in one or more areas of functioning, or a significant increased risk of suffering, pain, loss of freedom, or death. Grieving after a loss is a normal grief response and does not constitute a mental disorder.

Rationale 3: A mental disorder is a psychological group of symptoms in which an individual experiences distress, or impairment in one or more areas of functioning, or a significant increased risk of suffering, pain, loss of freedom, or death. Grieving after a loss is a normal grief response and does not constitute a mental disorder.

Rationale 4: A mental disorder is a psychological group of symptoms in which an individual experiences distress, or impairment in one or more areas of functioning, or a significant increased risk of suffering, pain, loss of freedom, or death. Grieving after a loss is a normal grief response and does not constitute a mental disorder.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: Define and explain mental disorder.

Question 7

Type: MCSA

The nurse is told that the client most likely has the diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The nurse is not sure of the assessment data and behaviors that accompany this disorder. Which action would be most appropriate for the nurse to take?

1. Document all subjective and objective data provided by the client.

2. Ask the primary health provider to identify needed subjective and objective assessment data.

3. Research obsessive-compulsive disorder in the medical dictionary.

4. Consult the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders for diagnostic criteria.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders provides diagnostic criteria that all members of the health care team will use in the diagnosis process and will serve as a resource for assessment and analysis of data. While communication with the primary care provider is appropriate, knowledge of the DSM is expected in a graduate nurse and this choice does not reflect an application of basic knowledge. A medical dictionary is not specific enough for diagnostic purposes. Documentation of all subjective and objective data is not appropriate and will confuse relevant from irrelevant data.

Rationale 2: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders provides diagnostic criteria that all members of the health care team will use in the diagnosis process and will serve as a resource for assessment and analysis of data. While communication with the primary care provider is appropriate, knowledge of the DSM is expected in a graduate nurse and this choice does not reflect an application of basic knowledge. A medical dictionary is not specific enough for diagnostic purposes. Documentation of all subjective and objective data is not appropriate and will confuse relevant from irrelevant data.

Rationale 3: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders provides diagnostic criteria that all members of the health care team will use in the diagnosis process and will serve as a resource for assessment and analysis of data. While communication with the primary care provider is appropriate, knowledge of the DSM is expected in a graduate nurse and this choice does not reflect an application of basic knowledge. A medical dictionary is not specific enough for diagnostic purposes. Documentation of all subjective and objective data is not appropriate and will confuse relevant from irrelevant data.

Rationale 4: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders provides diagnostic criteria that all members of the health care team will use in the diagnosis process and will serve as a resource for assessment and analysis of data. While communication with the primary care provider is appropriate, knowledge of the DSM is expected in a graduate nurse and this choice does not reflect an application of basic knowledge. A medical dictionary is not specific enough for diagnostic purposes. Documentation of all subjective and objective data is not appropriate and will confuse relevant from irrelevant data.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: Define and explain mental disorder.

Question 8

Type: MCMA

During an admission assessment on an adult unit, the nurse is thinking that the clients beliefs and actions regarding commonly accepted health practices are bizarre. To help establish the presence of a mental disorder, the nurse should first collect information about the clients:

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Occupational history.

2. Psychiatric history.

3. Culture.

4. Age.

5. Family history.

Correct Answer: 1,2,3

Rationale 1: Occupational history. Occupational history will provide data regarding the clients ability to function effectively (part of definition of mental disorder).

Rationale 2: Psychiatric history. Psychiatric history will provide valuable subjective data to assist in the analysis of current thoughts and behaviors.

Rationale 3: Culture. Behavior that is considered bizarre in one cultural context may be considered acceptable and even desirable in another.

Rationale 4: Age. While age can provide parameters for normal growth and development in relation to thinking and behavior, age in this situation with the adult is not useful.

Rationale 5: Family history. Family history is not generally correlated to beliefs about health practices.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: Analyze why the term deviant behavior lacks a definition that covers all situations.

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The nurse is caring for a client who was recently admitted to the unit. During the nursing assessment of the client, the nurse finds the clients beliefs and actions related to many health practices to stray from the norm. Which action would be most appropriate for the nurse to take at this time?

1. Repeat the assessment later in the day.

2. Write a nursing diagnosis to address the bizarre beliefs and actions.

3. Inquire as to the culture with which the client identifies.

4. Communicate the findings to the health care team.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: A thorough assessment is needed before proceeding with other steps of the nursing process. Behavior that is considered bizarre in one cultural context may be considered desirable in another. While findings will be communicated and used for nursing diagnosis formulation, these steps are built upon a thorough assessment. Repeating the assessment will most likely result in the same incomplete data.

Rationale 2: A thorough assessment is needed before proceeding with other steps of the nursing process. Behavior that is considered bizarre in one cultural context may be considered desirable in another. While findings will be communicated and used for nursing diagnosis formulation, these steps are built upon a thorough assessment. Repeating the assessment will most likely result in the same incomplete data.

Rationale 3: A thorough assessment is needed before proceeding with other steps of the nursing process. Behavior that is considered bizarre in one cultural context may be considered desirable in another. While findings will be communicated and used for nursing diagnosis formulation, these steps are built upon a thorough assessment. Repeating the assessment will most likely result in the same incomplete data.

Rationale 4: A thorough assessment is needed before proceeding with other steps of the nursing process. Behavior that is considered bizarre in one cultural context may be considered desirable in another. While findings will be communicated and used for nursing diagnosis formulation, these steps are built upon a thorough assessment. Repeating the assessment will most likely result in the same incomplete data.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: Analyze why the term deviant behavior lacks a definition that covers all situations.

Question 10

Type: MCSA

The new nurse is working with a preceptor on a medical-surgical unit. The nurse has just assessed a client and states to the preceptor, This client has many odd notions regarding several common health practices. He seems like a deviant to me. In planning a response, the preceptor is guided by:

1. A definition of deviance that covers all clinical situations.

2. The knowledge that beliefs and behaviors are only deviant if the client thinks there is a problem.

3. The knowledge that beliefs and behaviors are judged by cultural and social considerations.

4. The need for further assessment to determine the duration of the beliefs and actions.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: The appropriateness of beliefs and behaviors are judged according to cultural, social, ethical, and legal rules that define the limits of appropriate behavior and reality. Given the cultural, social, ethical, and legal considerations, there is no definition of deviance that covers all clinical situations. The duration of the beliefs and actions in this situation may be irrelevant. Given the lack of a definitive definition of deviant behavior, the statement that beliefs and behaviors are only deviant if the client thinks they are a problem is an incorrect statement.

Rationale 2: The appropriateness of beliefs and behaviors are judged according to cultural, social, ethical, and legal rules that define the limits of appropriate behavior and reality. Given the cultural, social, ethical, and legal considerations, there is no definition of deviance that covers all clinical situations. The duration of the beliefs and actions in this situation may be irrelevant. Given the lack of a definitive definition of deviant behavior, the statement that beliefs and behaviors are only deviant if the client thinks they are a problem is an incorrect statement.

Rationale 3: The appropriateness of beliefs and behaviors are judged according to cultural, social, ethical, and legal rules that define the limits of appropriate behavior and reality. Given the cultural, social, ethical, and legal considerations, there is no definition of deviance that covers all clinical situations. The duration of the beliefs and actions in this situation may be irrelevant. Given the lack of a definitive definition of deviant behavior, the statement that beliefs and behaviors are only deviant if the client thinks they are a problem is an incorrect statement.

Rationale 4: The appropriateness of beliefs and behaviors are judged according to cultural, social, ethical, and legal rules that define the limits of appropriate behavior and reality. Given the cultural, social, ethical, and legal considerations, there is no definition of deviance that covers all clinical situations. The duration of the beliefs and actions in this situation may be irrelevant. Given the lack of a definitive definition of deviant behavior, the statement that beliefs and behaviors are only deviant if the client thinks they are a problem is an incorrect statement.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: Analyze why the term deviant behavior lacks a definition that covers all situations.

Question 11

Type: MCSA

A nurse educator is teaching a group of students the definition of a mentally healthy individual. The nurse educator knows that an individual is considered mentally healthy when which of the following concepts give evidence to psychological, emotional, and social health?

1. Behavior

2. Intrapersonal relationships

3. Gender

4. Age

5. Interpersonal relationships

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: In general we consider an individual to be mentally healthy when what that person does (the persons behavior), how that person relates to others (the persons interpersonal relationships between oneself and others), and how that person relates to him- or herself (the persons intrapersonal relationships within the mind or the self) give evidence of psychological, emotional, and social health. There is no evidence that age and gender play a role in defining a mentally healthy individual.

Rationale 2: In general we consider an individual to be mentally healthy when what that person does (the persons behavior), how that person relates to others (the persons interpersonal relationships between oneself and others), and how that person relates to him- or herself (the persons intrapersonal relationships within the mind or the self) give evidence of psychological, emotional, and social health. There is no evidence that age and gender play a role in defining a mentally healthy individual.

Rationale 3: In general we consider an individual to be mentally healthy when what that person does (the persons behavior), how that person relates to others (the persons interpersonal relationships between oneself and others), and how that person relates to him- or herself (the persons intrapersonal relationships within the mind or the self) give evidence of psychological, emotional, and social health. There is no evidence that age and gender play a role in defining a mentally healthy individual.

Rationale 4: In general we consider an individual to be mentally healthy when what that person does (the persons behavior), how that person relates to others (the persons interpersonal relationships between oneself and others), and how that person relates to him- or herself (the persons intrapersonal relationships within the mind or the self) give evidence of psychological, emotional, and social health. There is no evidence that age and gender play a role in defining a mentally healthy individual.

Rationale 5: In general we consider an individual to be mentally healthy when what that person does (the persons behavior), how that person relates to others (the persons interpersonal relationships between oneself and others), and how that person relates to him- or herself (the persons intrapersonal relationships within the mind or the self) give evidence of psychological, emotional, and social health. There is no evidence that age and gender play a role in defining a mentally healthy individual.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: Learning Outcome 01-3: [

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The nurse is asked to provide traits of a mentally healthy individual at a hospital in-service. The nurse knows that mentally healthy individuals are:

1. Physically healthy and dependent.

2. Middle-aged and physically ill.

3. Dependent and needy.

4. Independent and autonomous.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Mentally healthy people are independent and autonomous. They think well of themselves and others, but are also realistic about their own and others abilities and shortcomings. They can accept the ups and downs of life and often come out even stronger than before. They have a wide range of behaviors, emotions, and values that are usually consistent with one another. The other choices do not necessarily describe someone who is mentally healthy.

Rationale 2: Mentally healthy people are independent and autonomous. They think well of themselves and others, but are also realistic about their own and others abilities and shortcomings. They can accept the ups and downs of life and often come out even stronger than before. They have a wide range of behaviors, emotions, and values that are usually consistent with one another. The other choices do not necessarily describe someone who is mentally healthy.

Rationale 3: Mentally healthy people are independent and autonomous. They think well of themselves and others, but are also realistic about their own and others abilities and shortcomings. They can accept the ups and downs of life and often come out even stronger than before. They have a wide range of behaviors, emotions, and values that are usually consistent with one another. The other choices do not necessarily describe someone who is mentally healthy.

Rationale 4: Mentally healthy people are independent and autonomous. They think well of themselves and others, but are also realistic about their own and others abilities and shortcomings. They can accept the ups and downs of life and often come out even stronger than before. They have a wide range of behaviors, emotions, and values that are usually consistent with one another. The other choices do not necessarily describe someone who is mentally healthy.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: Compare and contrast the essential characteristics of mental health with mental disorder.

Question 13

Type: MCSA

The client has frequently presented to the clinic with multiple physical complaints. The multiple physical complaints would warrant the nurse to screen the client for:

1. A chronic illness.

2. Deviant behavior.

3. Hospitalization.

4. A mental disorder.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Researchers have found high incidences of mental disorder in clients seen for physical illnesses; thus, risk is increased. The risk for chronic illness, hospitalization, and deviant behavior is not necessarily increased given the information in the question.

Rationale 2: Researchers have found high incidences of mental disorder in clients seen for physical illnesses; thus, risk is increased. The risk for chronic illness, hospitalization, and deviant behavior is not necessarily increased given the information in the question.

Rationale 3: Researchers have found high incidences of mental disorder in clients seen for physical illnesses; thus, risk is increased. The risk for chronic illness, hospitalization, and deviant behavior is not necessarily increased given the information in the question.

Rationale 4: Researchers have found high incidences of mental disorder in clients seen for physical illnesses; thus, risk is increased. The risk for chronic illness, hospitalization, and deviant behavior is not necessarily increased given the information in the question.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: Name the five mental disorders that rank among the top ten causes of disability worldwide.

Question 14

Type: MCSA

The nurse is researching statistics of the five psychiatric disorders that comprise the top 10 causes of disability worldwide. Given this information, the nurse chooses which of the following as a priority screening for clients?

1. Bipolar disorder

2. Depression

3. Schizophrenia

4. Alcohol abuse

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Within the Global Burden of Disease study, depression ranked number one among the five psychiatric disorders included in the top 10 causes of disability worldwide. Other disorders on the top 10 list were schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, alcohol abuse, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Rationale 2: Within the Global Burden of Disease study, depression ranked number one among the five psychiatric disorders included in the top 10 causes of disability worldwide. Other disorders on the top 10 list were schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, alcohol abuse, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Rationale 3: Within the Global Burden of Disease study, depression ranked number one among the five psychiatric disorders included in the top 10 causes of disability worldwide. Other disorders on the top 10 list were schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, alcohol abuse, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Rationale 4: Within the Global Burden of Disease study, depression ranked number one among the five psychiatric disorders included in the top 10 causes of disability worldwide. Other disorders on the top 10 list were schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, alcohol abuse, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: Name the five mental disorders that rank among the top ten causes of disability worldwide.

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is planning care for the client who presents with frequent reports of multiple physical complaints. Given knowledge of the leading causes of mental disability, the nurse should plan to include further data collection in which of the following priority areas?

1. Relationships with others

2. History of family violence

3. Alcohol usage

4. Clarity of thought processes

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: There is high incidence of a mental disorder in clients with physical illness. Of the five mental disorders listed among the top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide, alcohol use ranks number four. Clarity of thought processes would elicit data in regard to schizophrenia which is further down the list of leading causes. History of family violence and relationships with others are not specific to the current situation and not directly diagnostic for the other top 10 causes of mental disability.

Rationale 2: There is high incidence of a mental disorder in clients with physical illness. Of the five mental disorders listed among the top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide, alcohol use ranks number four. Clarity of thought processes would elicit data in regard to schizophrenia which is further down the list of leading causes. History of family violence and relationships with others are not specific to the current situation and not directly diagnostic for the other top 10 causes of mental disability.

Rationale 3: There is high incidence of a mental disorder in clients with physical illness. Of the five mental disorders listed among the top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide, alcohol use ranks number four. Clarity of thought processes would elicit data in regard to schizophrenia which is further down the list of leading causes. History of family violence and relationships with others are not specific to the current situation and not directly diagnostic for the other top 10 causes of mental disability.

Rationale 4: There is high incidence of a mental disorder in clients with physical illness. Of the five mental disorders listed among the top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide, alcohol use ranks number four. Clarity of thought processes would elicit data in regard to schizophrenia which is further down the list of leading causes. History of family violence and relationships with others are not specific to the current situation and not directly diagnostic for the other top 10 causes of mental disability.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: Name the five mental disorders that rank among the top ten causes of disability worldwide.

Question 16

Type: MCSA

The nurse plans to implement health promotion activities at the local senior citizen center. To meet the goal of promoting knowledge related to maximizing mental health and functional ability, the nurses teaching is guided by World Health Organization research and should include discussion of which priority area specific to the leading causes of mental disability?

1. Social isolation

2. Dementia

3. Alcohol

4. Over-the-counter medications

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Alcohol use is the 4th leading cause of mental disability and produces greater decrement in worldwide mental ability when compared with dementia, social isolation, or use of over-the-counter medications.

Rationale 2: Alcohol use is the 4th leading cause of mental disability and produces greater decrement in worldwide mental ability when compared with dementia, social isolation, or use of over-the-counter medications.

Rationale 3: Alcohol use is the 4th leading cause of mental disability and produces greater decrement in worldwide mental ability when compared with dementia, social isolation, or use of over-the-counter medications.

Rationale 4: Alcohol use is the 4th leading cause of mental disability and produces greater decrement in worldwide mental ability when compared with dementia, social isolation, or use of over-the-counter medications.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: Name the five mental disorders that rank among the top ten causes of disability worldwide.

Question 17

Type: MCSA

The home health nurse is caring for a number of clients with chronic illnesses. Given World Health Organization (WHO) research, the nurse realizes that the client with which of the following is at greatest risk for mental disability?

1. Bipolar disorder

2. Panic disorder

3. Psychotic disorders

4. Anxiety disorders

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Bipolar disorder ranks as number six on the list of top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide. The terms anxiety disorders and psychotic disorders reflect general categories of mental disorders and could constitute a number of more specific disorders not on the list. While panic disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder, it is not on the WHO list of the top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide.

Rationale 2: Bipolar disorder ranks as number six on the list of top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide. The terms anxiety disorders and psychotic disorders reflect general categories of mental disorders and could constitute a number of more specific disorders not on the list. While panic disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder, it is not on the WHO list of the top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide.

Rationale 3: Bipolar disorder ranks as number six on the list of top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide. The terms anxiety disorders and psychotic disorders reflect general categories of mental disorders and could constitute a number of more specific disorders not on the list. While panic disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder, it is not on the WHO list of the top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide.

Rationale 4: Bipolar disorder ranks as number six on the list of top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide. The terms anxiety disorders and psychotic disorders reflect general categories of mental disorders and could constitute a number of more specific disorders not on the list. While panic disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder, it is not on the WHO list of the top 10 causes of mental disability worldwide.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: Name the five mental disorders that rank among the top ten causes of disability worldwide.

Question 18

Type: MCSA

During the evaluation of the effectiveness of the nurses discharge teaching, which client report would indicate to the nurse that the client understands the leading cause of disability and decrement in health? The client reports a need to incorporate strategies to prevent:

1. Obesity.

2. Anxiety.

3. Depression.

4. Cancer.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Given World Health Organization (WHO) research, depression is the leading cause of disability in people ages 15 and older and produces the greatest decrement in health when compared to anxiety and chronic physical diseases, which include cancer and obesity.

Rationale 2: Given World Health Organization (WHO) research, depression is the leading cause of disability in people ages 15 and older and produces the greatest decrement in health when compared to anxiety and chronic physical diseases, which include cancer and obesity.

Rationale 3: Given World Health Organization (WHO) research, depression is the leading cause of disability in people ages 15 and older and produces the greatest decrement in health when compared to anxiety and chronic physical diseases, which include cancer and obesity.

Rationale 4: Given World Health Organization (WHO) research, depression is the leading cause of disability in people ages 15 and older and produces the greatest decrement in health when compared to anxiety and chronic physical diseases, which include cancer and obesity.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: Name the five mental disorders that rank among the top ten causes of disability worldwide.

Question 19

Type: MCSA

The nurse is assessing a client in the home. Given the nurses knowledge of the top 10 causes of disability worldwide, choose the priority area for data collection.

1. Social interactions and history of abuse

2. Irrational fears and quality of communication

3. Memory and childhood history

4. Mood and patterns of alcohol usage

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Unipolar depression, bipolar disorder (both mood disorders), and alcohol use all rank among the top 10 causes of disability worldwide and therefore, are priorities for assessment. Irrational fears, quality of communication, social interactions, history of abuse, memory, and childhood history may be assessed at some point; however, these areas are generally not specific to the mental disorders ranked among the top 10 causes of disability.

Rationale 2: Unipolar depression, bipolar disorder (both mood disorders), and alcohol use all rank among the top 10 causes of disability worldwide and therefore, are priorities for assessment. Irrational fears, quality of communication, social interactions, history of abuse, memory, and childhood history may be assessed at some point; however, these areas are generally not specific to the mental disorders ranked among the top 10 causes of disability.

Rationale 3: Unipolar depression, bipolar disorder (both mood disorders), and alcohol use all rank among the top 10 causes of disability worldwide and therefore, are priorities for assessment. Irrational fears, quality of communication, social interactions, history of abuse, memory, and childhood history may be assessed at some point; however, these areas are generally not specific to the mental disorders ranked among the top 10 causes of disability.

Rationale 4: Unipolar depression, bipolar disorder (both mood disorders), and alcohol use all rank among the top 10 causes of disability worldwide and therefore, are priorities for assessment. Irrational fears, quality of communication, social interactions, history of abuse, memory, and childhood history may be assessed at some point; however, these areas are generally not specific to the mental disorders ranked among the top 10 causes of disability.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: Name the five mental disorders that rank among the top ten causes of disability worldwide.

Question 20

Type: MCSA

The nurse is teaching a group of students the various historical explanations of mental illness. Which statement by the students indicates understanding of the nurses teaching regarding the era of magico-religious explanations?

1. The insane were believed to be divinely inspired and care was generally benevolent and kindly.

2. Mental illnesses were caused by imbalances in body humors: blood, bile, and phlegm.

3. Mental and physical illness were the result of superhuman forces that inflicted suffering.

4. Mental illnesses were influenced by the moon; hence, the term lunacy.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: The insane were believed to be divinely inspired and care was generally benevolent and kindly. This statement expresses Arab social and philosophical beliefs. The insane were believed to be divinely inspired and were cared for in a benevolent and kindly manner.

Rationale 2: Mental illnesses were caused by imbalances in body humors: blood, bile, and phlegm. This statement is from the era of organic explanations. Hippocrates postulated that mental illnesses were caused mainly by imbalances in body humors: blood, bile, phlegm.

Rationale 3: Mental and physical illness were the result of superhuman forces that inflicted suffering. This is an explanation from the magico-religious era.

Rationale 4: Mental illnesses were influenced by the moon; hence, the term lunacy. This statement is from the era of alienation, Middle Ages and The Renaissance. Mental illnesses were thought to be influenced by the moon; hence, the term lunacy.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: Describe how societal attitudes, philosophical viewpoints, and definitions of mental disorder have shifted throughout history.

Question 21

Type: MCSA

The nursing assistant asks the psychiatric nurse the location of the first asylum for the mentally ill. Which response by the nurse is most appropriate?

1. The first asylum for the mentally ill was in Morocco.

2. This is not part of your role on this unit.

3. The first asylum for the mentally ill was St. Mary of Bethlehem (Bedlam).

4. Why do you want to know this?

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: An asylum for the mentally ill was built in Fez, Morocco early in the 8th century. The hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem (Bedlam) in England followed later in history. There is no reason not to answer the question. Continued learning should always be encouraged.

Rationale 2: An asylum for the mentally ill was built in Fez, Morocco early in the 8th century. The hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem (Bedlam) in England followed later in history. There is no reason not to answer the question. Continued learning should always be encouraged.

Rationale 3: An asylum for the mentally ill was built in Fez, Morocco early in the 8th century. The hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem (Bedlam) in England followed later in history. There is no reason not to answer the question. Continued learning should always be encouraged.

Rationale 4: An asylum for the mentally ill was built in Fez, Morocco early in the 8th century. The hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem (Bedlam) in England followed later in history. There is no reason not to answer the question. Continued learning should always be encouraged.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: Describe how societal attitudes, philosophical viewpoints, and definitions of mental disorder have shifted throughout history.

Question 22

Type: MCSA

The psychiatric nurse is reflecting on the treatment and care of the mentally ill throughout history. Which of the following philosophical beliefs most guided treatment of the mentally ill during 17th century Europe?

1. The mentally ill were divinely inspired and should be treated with care and benevolence.

2. The bodys humors were responsible; blood, bile, and phlegm must be balanced.

3. Madness was best overcome by discipline and brutality.

4. The mentally ill were possessed by evil spirits that inflicted emotional suffering.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Seventeenth century Europe operated under the belief that madness was less than ever linked to medicine and could be overcome only by discipline and brutality. Seventeenth century society created houses of confinement where, for the entertainment of onlookers, mad persons were publicly beaten and tortured. The belief that the mentally ill were divinely inspired and thus treated with care and benevolence was held by the early Arab world. Preliterate cultures attributed mental illness to superhuman, evil spirits that inflicted pain and suffering; no distinction between medicine, magic, and religion. Hippocrates was one of the first to link mental illness with medicine suggesting an imbalance within the bodys humors, but not in the 17th century.

Rationale 2: Seventeenth century Europe operated under the belief that madness was less than ever linked to medicine and could be overcome only by discipline and brutality. Seventeenth century society created houses of confinement where, for the entertainment of onlookers, mad persons were publicly beaten and tortured. The belief that the mentally ill were divinely inspired and thus treated with care and benevolence was held by the early Arab world. Preliterate cultures attributed mental illness to superhuman, evil spirits that inflicted pain and suffering; no distinction between medicine, magic, and religion. Hippocrates was one of the first to link mental illness with medicine suggesting an imbalance within the bodys humors, but not in the 17th century.

Rationale 3: Seventeenth century Europe operated under the belief that madness was less than ever linked to medicine and could be overcome only by discipline and brutality. Seventeenth century society created houses of confinement where, for the entertainment of onlookers, mad persons were publicly beaten and tortured. The belief that the mentally ill were divinely inspired and thus treated with care and benevolence was held by the early Arab world. Preliterate cultures attributed mental illness to superhuman, evil spirits that inflicted pain and suffering; no distinction between medicine, magic, and religion. Hippocrates was one of the first to link mental illness with medicine suggesting an imbalance within the bodys humors, but not in the 17th century.

Rationale 4: Seventeenth century Europe operated under the belief that madness was less than ever linked to medicine and could be overcome only by discipline and brutality. Seventeenth century society created houses of confinement where, for the entertainment of onlookers, mad persons were publicly beaten and tortured. The belief that the mentally ill were divinely inspired and thus treated with care and benevolence was held by the early Arab world. Preliterate cultures attributed mental illness to superhuman, evil spirits that inflicted pain and suffering; no distinction between medicine, magic, and religion. Hippocrates was one of the first to link mental illness with medicine suggesting an imbalance within the bodys humors, but not in the 17th century.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: Describe how societal attitudes, philosophical viewpoints, and definitions of mental disorder have shifted throughout history.

Question 23

Type: MCSA

The psychiatric nurse is asked to explain the primary focus in the assessment and treatment of mental illnesses during the mid-20th century. Given this request, the nurse would emphasize beliefs and actions related to which of the following?

1. Faulty life habits and interactions

2. Decay of intellect or of the nervous system

3. Classification of symptoms

4. Social dimension and drug treatment

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: By the mid-20th century, psychiatric thinking was expanding and moving toward an emphasis on the importance of the social dimension in addition to the development of drug treatment. The belief that mental disorder was linked to faulty life habit and interactions was consistent with the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The belief that mental disorder was the product of intellect and nervous system decay and the emphasis on the classification of symptoms were more prevalent during the 18th and early 19th centuries respectively.

Rationale 2: By the mid-20th century, psychiatric thinking was expanding and moving toward an emphasis on the importance of the social dimension in addition to the development of drug treatment. The belief that mental disorder was linked to faulty life habit and interactions was consistent with the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The belief that mental disorder was the product of intellect and nervous system decay and the emphasis on the classification of symptoms were more prevalent during the 18th and early 19th centuries respectively.

Rationale 3: By the mid-20th century, psychiatric thinking was expanding and moving toward an emphasis on the importance of the social dimension in addition to the development of drug treatment. The belief that mental disorder was linked to faulty life habit and interactions was consistent with the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The belief that mental disorder was the product of intellect and nervous system decay and the emphasis on the classification of symptoms were more prevalent during the 18th and early 19th centuries respectively.

Rationale 4: By the mid-20th century, psychiatric thinking was expanding and moving toward an emphasis on the importance of the social dimension in addition to the development of drug treatment. The belief that mental disorder was linked to faulty life habit and interactions was consistent with the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The belief that mental disorder was the product of intellect and nervous system decay and the emphasis on the classification of symptoms were more prevalent during the 18th and early 19th centuries respectively.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: Describe how societal attitudes, philosophical viewpoints, and definitions of mental disorder have shifted throughout history.

Question 24

Type: MCMA

The psychiatric nurse states that todays nursing practice is based on contemporary theories concerning the etiology of mental disorder. Given this theoretical basis, the nurse would most likely give priority to which of the following assessments?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Family communication patterns

2. Psychotropic medications

3. Family history of mental disorder

4. Early childhood interactions

5. PET and CT scans of the brain

Correct Answer: 2,5

Rationale 1: Family communication patterns are more consistent with the psychological theories consistent with the era of psychoanalysis.

Rationale 2: Psychotropic medications: Psychotropic medications alter brain neurotransmitters, which is consistent with the reconceptualization of the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.

Rationale 3: Family history of mental disorder: The interrelationship between genetics and mental disorder is identified as an area for current and future research.

Rationale 4: Early childhood interactions are more consistent with earlier psychological theories of mental disorder.

Rationale 5: PET and CT scans of the brain: Researchers have linked a number of mental disorders to brain dysfunction, which is consistent with current theories.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: Describe how societal attitudes, philosophical viewpoints, and definitions of mental disorder have shifted throughout history.

Question 25

Type: MCSA

A nurse is teaching a group of students about the stigma that is often associated with mental illness. The nurse tells the group that stigma associated with mental illness is about which of the following?

1. Disrespect

2. Intelligence

3. Respect

4. Appreciation

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: It causes others to keep their distance from someone who is not right and results in social isolation for the stigmatized person

Rationale 2: It causes others to keep their distance from someone who is not right and results in social isolation for the stigmatized person

Rationale 3: It causes others to keep their distance from someone who is not right and results in social isolation for the stigmatized person

Rationale 4: It causes others to keep their distance from someone who is not right and results in social isolation for the stigmatized person

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: Explore the meaning of stigma for clients, families, friends, communities, and mental health caregivers and agencies.

Question 26

Type: MCSA

The nurse educator is teaching a group of students about stigma. The educator states that stigma can affect the judgment of which of the following people about the person who is labeled as mentally ill?

1. God or other higher powers

2. Family

3. Health care providers

4. Co-workers

5. Friends

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Stigma is an attitude that leads to prejudice and discrimination. It affects the judgments of family, friends, coworkers, health care providers, and others about the person labeled mentally ill. There is no evidence that stigma will affect the relationship that the mentally ill person has with God or other higher powers.

Rationale 2: Stigma is an attitude that leads to prejudice and discrimination. It affects the judgments of family, friends, coworkers, health care providers, and others about the person labeled mentally ill. There is no evidence that stigma will affect the relationship that the mentally ill person has with God or other higher powers.

Rationale 3: Stigma is an attitude that leads to prejudice and discrimination. It affects the judgments of family, friends, coworkers, health care providers, and others about the person labeled mentally ill. There is no evidence that stigma will affect the relationship that the mentally ill person has with God or other higher powers.

Rationale 4: Stigma is an attitude that leads to prejudice and discrimination. It affects the judgments of family, friends, coworkers, health care providers, and others about the person labeled mentally ill. There is no evidence that stigma will affect the relationship that the mentally ill person has with God or other higher powers.

Rationale 5: Stigma is an attitude that leads to prejudice and discrimination. It affects the judgments of family, friends, coworkers, health care providers, and others about the person labeled mentally ill. There is no evidence that stigma will affect the relationship that the mentally ill person has with God or other higher powers.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: Explore the meaning of stigma for clients, families, friends, communities, and mental health caregivers and agencies.

Kneisl, Contemporary Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing, 3/e Test Bank

Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

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