Chapter 11 My Nursing Test Banks

Ball/Bindler/Cowen, Principles of Pediatric Nursing: Caring for Children 5th Edition Test Bank
Chapter 11

Question 1

Type: MCSA

The parents of a critically injured child wish to stay in the room while the child is receiving emergency care. The nurse should

1. Escort the parents to the waiting room and assure them that they can see their child soon.

2. Allow the parents to stay with the child.

3. Ask the physician if the parents can stay with the child.

4. Tell the parents that they do not need to stay with the child.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Parents should be allowed to stay with their child if they wish to do so. This position is supported by the Emergency Nurses Association and is a key aspect of family-centered care.

Rationale 2: Parents should be allowed to stay with their child if they wish to do so. This position is supported by the Emergency Nurses Association and is a key aspect of family-centered care.

Rationale 3: Parents should be allowed to stay with their child if they wish to do so. This position is supported by the Emergency Nurses Association and is a key aspect of family-centered care.

Rationale 4: Parents should be allowed to stay with their child if they wish to do so. This position is supported by the Emergency Nurses Association and is a key aspect of family-centered care.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO 05. Integrate the concept of family presence during procedures and nursing strategies to prepare the family.

Question 2

Type: MCSA

The charge nurse on a hospital unit is developing plans of care related to separation anxiety. The charge nurse recognizes that the hospitalized child at highest risk to experience separation anxiety when parents cannot stay is the

1. 6-month-old.

2. 18-month-old.

3. 3-year-old.

4. 4-year-old.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: While all of these children can experience separation anxiety, the young toddler is at highest risk. Toddlers are the group most at risk for a stressful experience when hospitalized. Separation from parents increases this risk greatly.

Rationale 2: While all of these children can experience separation anxiety, the young toddler is at highest risk. Toddlers are the group most at risk for a stressful experience when hospitalized. Separation from parents increases this risk greatly.

Rationale 3: While all of these children can experience separation anxiety, the young toddler is at highest risk. Toddlers are the group most at risk for a stressful experience when hospitalized. Separation from parents increases this risk greatly.

Rationale 4: While all of these children can experience separation anxiety, the young toddler is at highest risk. Toddlers are the group most at risk for a stressful experience when hospitalized. Separation from parents increases this risk greatly.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Diagnosis

Learning Outcome: LO 04. Identify nursing strategies to minimize the stressors related to hospitalization.

Question 3

Type: MCSA

A group of children on one hospital unit are all suffering separation anxiety. When determining the stages of separation anxiety, the nurse recognizes that the child in the despair phase is the child who

1. Does not cry if parents return and leave again.

2. Screams and cries when parents leave.

3. Appears to be happy and content with staff.

4. Lies quietly in bed.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Children in the despair stage appear sad, depressed, or withdrawn. A child who is lying in bed might be exhibiting any of these. Screaming and crying are components of the protest stage. The young child who appears to be happy and content with everyone is in the denial stage, as is the child who does not cry if parents return and leave again.

Rationale 2: Children in the despair stage appear sad, depressed, or withdrawn. A child who is lying in bed might be exhibiting any of these. Screaming and crying are components of the protest stage. The young child who appears to be happy and content with everyone is in the denial stage, as is the child who does not cry if parents return and leave again.

Rationale 3: Children in the despair stage appear sad, depressed, or withdrawn. A child who is lying in bed might be exhibiting any of these. Screaming and crying are components of the protest stage. The young child who appears to be happy and content with everyone is in the denial stage, as is the child who does not cry if parents return and leave again.

Rationale 4: Children in the despair stage appear sad, depressed, or withdrawn. A child who is lying in bed might be exhibiting any of these. Screaming and crying are components of the protest stage. The young child who appears to be happy and content with everyone is in the denial stage, as is the child who does not cry if parents return and leave again.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO 02. Explain the effects of and response to illness and hospitalization on children and their families.

Question 4

Type: MCSA

A 4-year-old is seen in the clinic for a sore throat. In the childs mind, the most likely causative agent is that the child

1. Was exposed to someone else with a sore throat.

2. Did not eat the right foods.

3. Yelled at his brother.

4. Did not take his vitamins.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Preschoolers understand some concepts of being sick but not the cause of illness. They are likely to think that they are sick as a result of something that they have done. They will frequently view illness as punishment. A child of this age does not yet understand that he can become sick from exposure to someone else who is sick. The other two answers, while not causes of sore throat, can be factors in some illnesses but are beyond the thinking of a 4-year-old.

Rationale 2: Preschoolers understand some concepts of being sick but not the cause of illness. They are likely to think that they are sick as a result of something that they have done. They will frequently view illness as punishment. A child of this age does not yet understand that he can become sick from exposure to someone else who is sick. The other two answers, while not causes of sore throat, can be factors in some illnesses but are beyond the thinking of a 4-year-old.

Rationale 3: Preschoolers understand some concepts of being sick but not the cause of illness. They are likely to think that they are sick as a result of something that they have done. They will frequently view illness as punishment. A child of this age does not yet understand that he can become sick from exposure to someone else who is sick. The other two answers, while not causes of sore throat, can be factors in some illnesses but are beyond the thinking of a 4-year-old.

Rationale 4: Preschoolers understand some concepts of being sick but not the cause of illness. They are likely to think that they are sick as a result of something that they have done. They will frequently view illness as punishment. A child of this age does not yet understand that he can become sick from exposure to someone else who is sick. The other two answers, while not causes of sore throat, can be factors in some illnesses but are beyond the thinking of a 4-year-old.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO 01. Contrast the childs understanding of health and illness according to the childs developmental level.

Question 5

Type: MCSA

The charge nurse is concerned with reducing the stressors of hospitalization. The nursing intervention that is most helpful in decreasing the stressors for the toddler is to

1. Assign the same nurse to the toddler as much as possible.

2. Let the child listen to an audiotape of the mothers voice.

3. Place a picture of the family at the bedside.

4. Encourage a parent to stay with the child.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: While all of the interventions are appropriate for the hospitalized toddler, presence of a parent is most important. Separation from parents is the major stressor for the hospitalized toddler.

Rationale 2: While all of the interventions are appropriate for the hospitalized toddler, presence of a parent is most important. Separation from parents is the major stressor for the hospitalized toddler.

Rationale 3: While all of the interventions are appropriate for the hospitalized toddler, presence of a parent is most important. Separation from parents is the major stressor for the hospitalized toddler.

Rationale 4: While all of the interventions are appropriate for the hospitalized toddler, presence of a parent is most important. Separation from parents is the major stressor for the hospitalized toddler.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO 04. Identify nursing strategies to minimize the stressors related to hospitalization.

Question 6

Type: MCSA

The nurse is working with a school-age child who is hospitalized. In planning care that will promote a sense of industry in this child, the nurse will

1. Allow the child to assist with her care.

2. Encourage parents to participate in the childs care.

3. Give the child a detailed scientific explanation of the illness.

4. Speak to the child in a high-pitched voice.

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Allowing the child to participate in her care will decrease the sense of loss of control and increase a sense of industry. While parents can certainly participate in their childs care, it does not increase the childs sense of control. School-age children in general will not understand detailed scientific explanations. Change in voice tone is appropriate when talking to very young children.

Rationale 2: Allowing the child to participate in her care will decrease the sense of loss of control and increase a sense of industry. While parents can certainly participate in their childs care, it does not increase the childs sense of control. School-age children in general will not understand detailed scientific explanations. Change in voice tone is appropriate when talking to very young children.

Rationale 3: Allowing the child to participate in her care will decrease the sense of loss of control and increase a sense of industry. While parents can certainly participate in their childs care, it does not increase the childs sense of control. School-age children in general will not understand detailed scientific explanations. Change in voice tone is appropriate when talking to very young children.

Rationale 4: Allowing the child to participate in her care will decrease the sense of loss of control and increase a sense of industry. While parents can certainly participate in their childs care, it does not increase the childs sense of control. School-age children in general will not understand detailed scientific explanations. Change in voice tone is appropriate when talking to very young children.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO 01. Contrast the childs understanding of health and illness according to the childs developmental level.

Question 7

Type: MCSA

The nurse is caring for a client in the pediatric intensive-care unit. The parents have expressed anger over the nursing care their child is receiving. The nursing intervention most appropriate for these parents would be to

1. Ask the physician to talk with the family.

2. Explain to the parents that their anger is affecting their child so they will not be allowed to visit the child until they calm down.

3. Acknowledge the parents concerns and collaborate with them regarding the care of their child.

4. Call the chaplain to sit with the family.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Hospitalization of the child in a pediatric intensive-care unit is a great stressor for parents. If the parents feel that they are not informed or involved in the care of their child, they may become angry and upset. Calling the physician or chaplain may be appropriate at some point, but the nurse must assume the role of supporter in this situation to promote a sense of trust. Telling the parents that they cannot visit their child will only increase their anger.

Rationale 2: Hospitalization of the child in a pediatric intensive-care unit is a great stressor for parents. If the parents feel that they are not informed or involved in the care of their child, they may become angry and upset. Calling the physician or chaplain may be appropriate at some point, but the nurse must assume the role of supporter in this situation to promote a sense of trust. Telling the parents that they cannot visit their child will only increase their anger.

Rationale 3: Hospitalization of the child in a pediatric intensive-care unit is a great stressor for parents. If the parents feel that they are not informed or involved in the care of their child, they may become angry and upset. Calling the physician or chaplain may be appropriate at some point, but the nurse must assume the role of supporter in this situation to promote a sense of trust. Telling the parents that they cannot visit their child will only increase their anger.

Rationale 4: Hospitalization of the child in a pediatric intensive-care unit is a great stressor for parents. If the parents feel that they are not informed or involved in the care of their child, they may become angry and upset. Calling the physician or chaplain may be appropriate at some point, but the nurse must assume the role of supporter in this situation to promote a sense of trust. Telling the parents that they cannot visit their child will only increase their anger.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO 02. Explain the effects of and response to illness and hospitalization on children and their families.

Question 8

Type: MCSA

A 2-year-old child recently diagnosed with a seizure disorder will be discharged home on an anticonvulsant. Which of the following actions by the mother best demonstrates understanding of how to give the medication? The mother

1. Verbalizes how to give the medication.

2. Acknowledges understanding of written instructions.

3. Draws up the medication correctly in an oral syringe and administers it to the child.

4. Observes the nurse draw up the medication and administer it to the child.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Verbalization of how to give the medication and acknowledging understanding of written instructions are methods that might be used, but they do not actually demonstrate understanding. Observing the nurse draw up and administer the medication may be used in the teaching process. The best way for the mother to demonstrate understanding is to actually draw up and give the medication.

Rationale 2: Verbalization of how to give the medication and acknowledging understanding of written instructions are methods that might be used, but they do not actually demonstrate understanding. Observing the nurse draw up and administer the medication may be used in the teaching process. The best way for the mother to demonstrate understanding is to actually draw up and give the medication.

Rationale 3: Verbalization of how to give the medication and acknowledging understanding of written instructions are methods that might be used, but they do not actually demonstrate understanding. Observing the nurse draw up and administer the medication may be used in the teaching process. The best way for the mother to demonstrate understanding is to actually draw up and give the medication.

Rationale 4: Verbalization of how to give the medication and acknowledging understanding of written instructions are methods that might be used, but they do not actually demonstrate understanding. Observing the nurse draw up and administer the medication may be used in the teaching process. The best way for the mother to demonstrate understanding is to actually draw up and give the medication.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Safe Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: LO 07. Evaluate the effectiveness of teaching strategies used with the hospitalized child and the family.

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The nurse must perform a procedure on a toddler. The technique most appropriate when performing the procedure is to

1. Ask the mother to restrain the child during the procedure.

2. Ask the child if it is okay to start the procedure.

3. Perform the procedure in the childs hospital bed.

4. Allow the child to cry or scream.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: While the toddler will need to be restrained, the parent should not be the one to do this. The nurse should avoid giving the child a choice if there is no choice. The treatment room should be utilized for the procedure so that the hospital bed remains a safe place. The child should be allowed to cry or scream during the procedure.

Rationale 2: While the toddler will need to be restrained, the parent should not be the one to do this. The nurse should avoid giving the child a choice if there is no choice. The treatment room should be utilized for the procedure so that the hospital bed remains a safe place. The child should be allowed to cry or scream during the procedure.

Rationale 3: While the toddler will need to be restrained, the parent should not be the one to do this. The nurse should avoid giving the child a choice if there is no choice. The treatment room should be utilized for the procedure so that the hospital bed remains a safe place. The child should be allowed to cry or scream during the procedure.

Rationale 4: While the toddler will need to be restrained, the parent should not be the one to do this. The nurse should avoid giving the child a choice if there is no choice. The treatment room should be utilized for the procedure so that the hospital bed remains a safe place. The child should be allowed to cry or scream during the procedure.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: LO 04. Identify nursing strategies to minimize the stressors related to hospitalization.

Question 10

Type: MCSA

A 5-year-old is in the playroom when the respiratory therapist arrives on the pediatric unit to give the child a scheduled breathing treatment. The nurse should

1. Reschedule the treatment for a later time.

2. Show the respiratory therapist to the playroom so the treatment may be performed.

3. Escort the child to his room and ask the child-life specialist to bring toys to the bedside.

4. Assist the child back to his room for the treatment but reassure the child that he may return when the procedure is completed.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Procedures should not be performed in the playroom. Scheduled respiratory treatments should be performed on time; however, the child should be allowed to return to the playroom as soon as the procedure is completed.

Rationale 2: Procedures should not be performed in the playroom. Scheduled respiratory treatments should be performed on time; however, the child should be allowed to return to the playroom as soon as the procedure is completed.

Rationale 3: Procedures should not be performed in the playroom. Scheduled respiratory treatments should be performed on time; however, the child should be allowed to return to the playroom as soon as the procedure is completed.

Rationale 4: Procedures should not be performed in the playroom. Scheduled respiratory treatments should be performed on time; however, the child should be allowed to return to the playroom as soon as the procedure is completed.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO 04. Identify nursing strategies to minimize the stressors related to hospitalization.

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The nurse is working with a hospitalized preschool-age child. The nurse is planning activities to reduce anxiety in this child. The most appropriate action by the nurse is to

1. Provide the child with a doll and safe medical equipment.

2. Read a story to the child.

3. Use an anatomically correct doll to teach the child about the illness.

4. Talk to the child about the hospitalization.

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Therapeutic play is a means of anxiety reduction in the hospitalized child. Allowing the child to play with safe medical equipment is an age-appropriate method through which the child can express her feelings, thereby reducing anxiety. Anatomically correct dolls are not age appropriate. Reading a story to the child does not allow for expression of feelings. Talking to the child may be beneficial, but it does not allow for active release of frustration and anxiety as active play does.

Rationale 2: Therapeutic play is a means of anxiety reduction in the hospitalized child. Allowing the child to play with safe medical equipment is an age-appropriate method through which the child can express her feelings, thereby reducing anxiety. Anatomically correct dolls are not age appropriate. Reading a story to the child does not allow for expression of feelings. Talking to the child may be beneficial, but it does not allow for active release of frustration and anxiety as active play does.

Rationale 3: Therapeutic play is a means of anxiety reduction in the hospitalized child. Allowing the child to play with safe medical equipment is an age-appropriate method through which the child can express her feelings, thereby reducing anxiety. Anatomically correct dolls are not age appropriate. Reading a story to the child does not allow for expression of feelings. Talking to the child may be beneficial, but it does not allow for active release of frustration and anxiety as active play does.

Rationale 4: Therapeutic play is a means of anxiety reduction in the hospitalized child. Allowing the child to play with safe medical equipment is an age-appropriate method through which the child can express her feelings, thereby reducing anxiety. Anatomically correct dolls are not age appropriate. Reading a story to the child does not allow for expression of feelings. Talking to the child may be beneficial, but it does not allow for active release of frustration and anxiety as active play does.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO 04. Identify nursing strategies to minimize the stressors related to hospitalization.

Question 12

Type: MCSA

The nurse needs to administer a medication to a 4-year-old child. The medication is only available in tablet form. The nurse should:

1. Place the tablet on the childs tongue and give the child a drink of water.

2. Break the tablet in small pieces and ask the child to swallow the pieces one by one.

3. Crush the tablet and mix it in a teaspoon of applesauce.

4. Crush the table and mix it in a cup of juice.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: A 4-year-old is not mature enough to swallow a pill or pieces of a pill. The medication should be crushed and mixed with a very small amount of food, not juice.

Rationale 2: A 4-year-old is not mature enough to swallow a pill or pieces of a pill. The medication should be crushed and mixed with a very small amount of food, not juice.

Rationale 3: A 4-year-old is not mature enough to swallow a pill or pieces of a pill. The medication should be crushed and mixed with a very small amount of food, not juice.

Rationale 4: A 4-year-old is not mature enough to swallow a pill or pieces of a pill. The medication should be crushed and mixed with a very small amount of food, not juice.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Physiological Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: LO 02. Explain the effects of and response to illness and hospitalization on children and their families.

Question 13

Type: MCSA

A child is being discharged from the hospital after a 3-week stay following a motor vehicle accident. The mother expresses concern about caring for the childs wounds at home. She has demonstrated appropriate technique with medication administration and wound care. The priority nursing diagnosis is:

1. Knowledge Deficit of Home Care.

2. Altered Family Processes Related to Hospitalization.

3. Parental Anxiety Related to Care of the Child at Home.

4. Risk for Infection Related to Presence of Healing Wounds.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: While all of the diagnoses might have been appropriate at some point, the current focus is the mothers anxiety about caring for the child at home. The priority of the nurse is relieving this anxiety.

Rationale 2: While all of the diagnoses might have been appropriate at some point, the current focus is the mothers anxiety about caring for the child at home. The priority of the nurse is relieving this anxiety.

Rationale 3: While all of the diagnoses might have been appropriate at some point, the current focus is the mothers anxiety about caring for the child at home. The priority of the nurse is relieving this anxiety.

Rationale 4: While all of the diagnoses might have been appropriate at some point, the current focus is the mothers anxiety about caring for the child at home. The priority of the nurse is relieving this anxiety.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Diagnosis

Learning Outcome: LO 06. Summarize strategies for preparing children and families for discharge from the hospital setting.

Question 14

Type: MCSA

An infant has been NPO for surgery for 4 hours and does not have an intravenous line. The nurse receives a call from the operating room with the information that the surgery has been postponed due to an emergency. The nurse should

1. Feed the infant 4 ounces of formula.

2. Reassure the parents that it will not be much longer before surgery.

3. Allow the parents to feed the infant an ounce of oral rehydration solution.

4. Call the physician to see if the infant needs to have an intravenous line started.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: The infant who is NPO is at high risk for dehydration. The nurse does not know how much longer it will be before surgery. The nurse cannot independently make the decision to feed the infant. Feeding the infant could further postpone the surgery, should an operating room become available sooner than expected. It is best to keep the infant NPO and consult the physician to see if an intravenous line is needed.

Rationale 2: The infant who is NPO is at high risk for dehydration. The nurse does not know how much longer it will be before surgery. The nurse cannot independently make the decision to feed the infant. Feeding the infant could further postpone the surgery, should an operating room become available sooner than expected. It is best to keep the infant NPO and consult the physician to see if an intravenous line is needed.

Rationale 3: The infant who is NPO is at high risk for dehydration. The nurse does not know how much longer it will be before surgery. The nurse cannot independently make the decision to feed the infant. Feeding the infant could further postpone the surgery, should an operating room become available sooner than expected. It is best to keep the infant NPO and consult the physician to see if an intravenous line is needed.

Rationale 4: The infant who is NPO is at high risk for dehydration. The nurse does not know how much longer it will be before surgery. The nurse cannot independently make the decision to feed the infant. Feeding the infant could further postpone the surgery, should an operating room become available sooner than expected. It is best to keep the infant NPO and consult the physician to see if an intravenous line is needed.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Physiological Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: LO 02. Explain the effects of and response to illness and hospitalization on children and their families.

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is working with an adolescent who will be admitted to the hospital in two days. The appropriate nursing approach to prepare the adolescent for hospitalization is

1. Have teens who have had similar experiences talk to the adolescent about hospitalization.

2. Provide an opportunity for the child to talk with an adult who has had a similar experience.

3. Teach parents what to expect so the information can be shared with the adolescent.

4. Provide an opportunity for the teen to try on surgical attire.

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Adolescents benefit from a different approach than younger children when being prepared for hospitalization. Written materials, anatomically correct dolls, and talking to peers who have had similar experiences are all appropriate for the adolescent. The adolescent should be taught first hand what to expect during the hospitalization. Dressing up in surgical attire is appropriate for the younger child.

Rationale 2: Adolescents benefit from a different approach than younger children when being prepared for hospitalization. Written materials, anatomically correct dolls, and talking to peers who have had similar experiences are all appropriate for the adolescent. The adolescent should be taught first hand what to expect during the hospitalization. Dressing up in surgical attire is appropriate for the younger child.

Rationale 3: Adolescents benefit from a different approach than younger children when being prepared for hospitalization. Written materials, anatomically correct dolls, and talking to peers who have had similar experiences are all appropriate for the adolescent. The adolescent should be taught first hand what to expect during the hospitalization. Dressing up in surgical attire is appropriate for the younger child.

Rationale 4: Adolescents benefit from a different approach than younger children when being prepared for hospitalization. Written materials, anatomically correct dolls, and talking to peers who have had similar experiences are all appropriate for the adolescent. The adolescent should be taught first hand what to expect during the hospitalization. Dressing up in surgical attire is appropriate for the younger child.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: LO 04. Identify nursing strategies to minimize the stressors related to hospitalization.

Ball/Bindler/Cowen, Principles of Pediatric Nursing 5th Ed. Test Bank

Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

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