Chapter 03(FREE) My Nursing Test Banks

Kozier & Erbs Fundamentals of Nursing, 10/E
Chapter 03

Question 1

Type: MCSA

Nursing students have been assigned to develop their own theory of nursing. What should they include in their theory, often referred to as the metaparadigm for nursing?

1. Society, medicine, nursing, and biology

2. Patient, facility, health, and nursing

3. Organization, discipline, nursing, and client

4. Client, environment, health, and nursing

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: These options do not include the pattern associated with the four concepts that comprise a metaparadigm.

Rationale 2: These options do not include the pattern associated with the four concepts that comprise a metaparadigm.

Rationale 3: These options do not include the pattern associated with the four concepts that comprise a metaparadigm.

Rationale 4: Four major conceptsperson (or client), environment, health, and nursingcan be superimposed on almost any theoretical work in nursing. They are collectively referred to as a metaparadigm for nursing.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 1. Differentiate the terms theory, concept, conceptual framework, paradigm, and metaparadigm for nursing.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 38

Question 2

Type: MCSA

Nursing students are researching how cultural practices affect the dying process of terminal cancer clients. For their research, which theory will the students most likely explore?

1. Critical theory

2. Midlevel theories

3. Grand theories

4. Stability models

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Critical theory research used in nursing helps explain how structures such as race, gender, sexual orientation, and economic class affect patient experiences and health outcomes. In this scenario (the influences of culture on the dying process), research on critical theory would help in understanding how these structures affect the human experience of death.

Rationale 2: Midlevel theories focus on exploring concepts such as pain, self-esteem, and learning.

Rationale 3: Grand theories are only occasionally used in nursing research. The stability model describes the dominant view of nursing theories.

Rationale 4: The stability model describes the dominant view of nursing theories.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 4. Identify the role of nursing theory in nursing education, research, and clinical practice.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 39

Question 3

Type: MCSA

A nurse is caring for a client with a severe head trauma. Each shift, the nurse pays attention to the lighting, atmosphere, and surroundings the client is exposed to. The nurse is functioning according to the assumptions of which nursing theorist?

1. Dorothea Orem

2. Martha Rogers

3. Florence Nightingale

4. Jean Watson

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Dorothea Orems theory focused on self-care and doesnt apply here.

Rationale 2: Rogerss theory is the science of unitary human beings and doesnt apply here.

Rationale 3: Florence Nightingale defined nursing more than 100 years ago as the act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery. Attending to the clients surroundings, including the lighting and atmosphere, is being attentive to the clients environment. Deficiencies in environmental factors (especially air, water, drainage, cleanliness, and light) have produced lack of health or illness.

Rationale 4: Jean Watson defined nursing in relationship to caring and doesnt apply here.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Physiological Integrity

Client Need Sub: Reduction of Risk Potential

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 40

Question 4

Type: MCSA

Nursing staff members from an acute psychiatric unit have been asked to establish a nurse theorist they can easily identify with in their practice. Understanding the importance of developing a therapeutic relationship between themselves and their clients, especially in this unit, to which theorist would they most likely be drawn?

1. Florence Nightingale

2. Hildegard Peplau

3. Jean Watson

4. Dorothea Orem

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Florence Nightingales theory focused on environmental controls.

Rationale 2: Hildegard Peplau, a psychiatric nurse, introduced a theory in which a therapeutic relationship between the nurse and client is central.

Rationale 3: Jean Watsons theory has caring as its central theme.

Rationale 4: Dorothea Orems theory focused on self-care deficit.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 40

Question 5

Type: MCSA

During a hospital stay, the client has taken control of her recovery and rehabilitation and is utilizing available resources for her needs. In which level of Peplaus model should the nurse determine that this patient is functioning?

1. Orientation

2. Identification

3. Exploitation

4. Resolution

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Orientation is the first phase, in which the client seeks help and the nurse provides the client with understanding and assistance.

Rationale 2: Identification is the second phase, in which the client assumes dependence, interdependence, or independence in relation to the nurse.

Rationale 3: The nurseclient relationship is described in four phases, according to Peplaus interpersonal relations model. The exploitation phase occurs when the client derives full value from what the nurse offers through the relationship, using available services based on self-interest and needs. Power shifts from the nurse to the client.

Rationale 4: The last phase is resolution, in which old needs and goals are put aside and new ones adopted.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 40

Question 6

Type: MCSA

A Department of Nursing within a medical center is adopting the theory that is founded on 14 fundamental needs of individuals. Which nurse theorist is this department using to guide client care?

1. Dorothea Orem

2. Florence Nightingale

3. Martha Rogers

4. Virginia Henderson

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Dorothea Orems theory on self-care deficit does not contain 14 fundamental needs.

Rationale 2: Florence Nightingales theory centered around the clients environment does not contain 14 fundamental needs.

Rationale 3: Martha Rogers related her theory to multiple scientific disciplines, and it does not contain 14 fundamental needs.

Rationale 4: Henderson conceptualized the nurses role as assisting sick or healthy individuals to gain independence in meeting 14 fundamental needs, from breathing normally to discovering the curiosity that leads to normal development and health.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Physiological Integrity

Client Need Sub: Reduction of Risk Potential

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 40

Question 7

Type: MCSA

A nurse has implemented the use of noncontact therapeutic touch. Which theorist is the nurse using as a basis for this intervention?

1. Florence Nightingale

2. Martha Rogers

3. Virginia Henderson

4. Rosemarie Parse

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Rogers states that humans are dynamic energy fields. Nurses applying Rogerss theory seek to promote interaction between the two energy fields. The use of noncontact therapeutic touch is based on the concept of human energy fields. Nightingales theory centered on the clients environment. Henderson conceptualized the nurses role as assisting individuals to gain independence in meeting 14 fundamental needs. Rosemarie Parses theory revolves around human becoming.

Rationale 2: Rogers states that humans are dynamic energy fields. Nurses applying Rogerss theory seek to promote interaction between the two energy fields. The use of noncontact therapeutic touch is based on the concept of human energy fields. Nightingales theory centered on the clients environment. Henderson conceptualized the nurses role as assisting individuals to gain independence in meeting 14 fundamental needs. Rosemarie Parses theory revolves around human becoming.

Rationale 3: Rogers states that humans are dynamic energy fields. Nurses applying Rogerss theory seek to promote interaction between the two energy fields. The use of noncontact therapeutic touch is based on the concept of human energy fields. Nightingales theory centered on the clients environment. Henderson conceptualized the nurses role as assisting individuals to gain independence in meeting 14 fundamental needs. Rosemarie Parses theory revolves around human becoming.

Rationale 4: Rogers states that humans are dynamic energy fields. Nurses applying Rogerss theory seek to promote interaction between the two energy fields. The use of noncontact therapeutic touch is based on the concept of human energy fields. Nightingales theory centered on the clients environment. Henderson conceptualized the nurses role as assisting individuals to gain independence in meeting 14 fundamental needs. Rosemarie Parses theory revolves around human becoming.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Physiological Integrity

Client Need Sub: Reduction of Risk Potential

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 41

Question 8

Type: MCSA

The nurse is teaching health and wellness principles to junior high students. According to Orems theory, which category of self-care requisite is the nurse using to guide this teaching?

1. Universal

2. Developmental

3. Health deviation

4. Deficit

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Universal requisites are common to all people and include nutrition, hydration, elimination, and rest.

Rationale 2: Developmental requisites result from maturation or are associated with conditions or events, such as adjusting to a change in body image (adolescent maturation, in this case) or to the loss of a spouse.

Rationale 3: Health deviation requisites result from illness, injury, or disease or its treatment. They include actions such as seeking health care assistance, carrying out prescribed therapies, and learning to live with the effects of illness or treatment.

Rationale 4: Self-care deficit is not a self-care requisite, but it results when self-care agency is not adequate to meet the known self-care demand.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 4. Identify the role of nursing theory in nursing education, research, and clinical practice.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 41

Question 9

Type: MCSA

The nurse is caring for clients in Stage II/III Alzheimers disease. If Orems theory is applied, which type of nursing system should the nurse use when providing client care?

1. Supportive

2. Educative

3. Partly compensatory

4. Wholly compensatory

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Supportive systems (developmental) are designed for persons who need to learn to perform self-care measures and need assistance to do so. This would not be attainable for this group of clients.

Rationale 2: Educative systems (developmental) are designed for persons who need to learn to perform self-care measures and need assistance to do so. This would not be attainable for this group of clients.

Rationale 3: Partly compensatory systems are designed for individuals who are unable to perform some, but not all, self-care activities. Because the clients are in the end stage of the disease, their ability to care for themselves is greatly diminished. Some would not be able to care for themselves at all.

Rationale 4: Wholly compensatory systems are required for individuals who are unable to control and monitor their environment and process information. This would describe clients with Stage II/III Alzheimersthose who need constant supervision and at some point in the near future, total care with all activities of daily living (ADLs).

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub: Safety and Infection Control

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 41

Question 10

Type: MCSA

A nurse educator incorporates stress, power, authority, and personal space along with other concepts and considers these concepts essential knowledge for use by nurses. From which theorist is the educator applying principles into the curriculum?

1. Dorothea Orem

2. Imogene King

3. Jean Watson

4. Hildegard Peplau

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Orems theory focuses on self-care/self-care deficit and is not applicable here.

Rationale 2: Imogene Kings theory of goal attainment is based on 15 concepts from nursing literature she selected as essential knowledge for use by nurses: self, role, perception, communication, interaction, transaction, growth and development, stress, time, personal space, organization, status, power, authority, and decision making.

Rationale 3: Jean Watsons theory centers on caring interaction and is not applicable here.

Rationale 4: Hildegard Peplaus theory centers on the use of a therapeutic relationship between the nurse and client and is not applicable here.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 41

Question 11

Type: MCSA

The nurse is applying Neumans systems model during client care. Which response should the nurse identify as an intrapersonal stressor to a client?

1. Inadequate health insurance coverage

2. Family members who quarrel frequently about the clients care

3. Adverse reaction to medication

4. Expectations regarding rehab

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Extrapersonal stressors are those that occur outside the person (e.g., financial/insurance concerns).

Rationale 2: Interpersonal stressors are those that occur between individuals (e.g., family members who quarrel).

Rationale 3: Neuman categorizes stressors as intrapersonal when they occur within the individual (e.g., a drug reaction).

Rationale 4: Neuman categorizes stressors as interpersonal when they occur between individuals (e.g., expectations regarding rehabilitation).

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 42

Question 12

Type: MCSA

A client is being seen in the clinic for the final follow-up appointment after an extensive course of rehabilitation. According to Neumans model, which level of intervention should the nurse realize this patient is experiencing?

1. Primary prevention

2. Secondary prevention

3. Resistant prevention

4. Tertiary prevention

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Primary prevention focuses on protecting the normal line of defense and strengthening the flexible line of defense.

Rationale 2: Secondary prevention focuses on strengthening internal lines of resistance, reducing the reaction, and increasing resistance factors.

Rationale 3: Secondary prevention focuses on strengthening internal lines of resistance, reducing the reaction, and increasing resistance factors.

Rationale 4: According to Neumans model, nursing interventions focus on retaining or maintaining system stability and are carried out on three preventive levels: primary, secondary, and tertiary. Tertiary prevention focuses on readaptation and stability and protects reconstitution or return to wellness following treatment. A final follow-up appointment following extensive rehabilitation would be an example of tertiary prevention.

.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 42

Question 13

Type: MCSA

A client with a postoperative infection is afebrile but still receiving IV antibiotics. The nurse should realize that this client is receiving which level of prevention?

1. Primary

2. Secondary

3. Tertiary

4. Critical

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Primary prevention focuses on protecting the normal line of defense and strengthening the flexible line of defense.

Rationale 2: Secondary prevention focuses on strengthening internal lines of resistance (fighting the infection with IV antibiotics), reducing the reaction, and increasing resistance factors. The fact that the client is now afebrile shows that the treatment is working to improve the clients condition.

Rationale 3: Tertiary prevention focuses on readaptation and stability and protects reconstitution or return to wellness following treatment.

Rationale 4: Critical prevention is not part of Neumans model.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Physiological Integrity

Client Need Sub: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 42

Question 14

Type: MCSA

A group of nursing students is helping to set up an immunization clinic. In which level of prevention are these students functioning?

1. Educational

2. Primary

3. Secondary

4. Tertiary

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: Educational is not one of Neumans levels of prevention.

Rationale 2: Primary prevention focuses on protecting the normal line of defense. Providing immunizations would be doing just thatprotecting the bodys normal response to disease by helping it to build antibodies.

Rationale 3: Secondary prevention focuses on strengthening internal lines of resistance.

Rationale 4: Tertiary prevention focuses on readaptation and stability.

.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 42

Question 15

Type: MCSA

The nurse is preparing to complete a spiritual assessment with a client. Which theorist should the nurse review before completing this assessment?

1. Roy

2. Neuman

3. Nightingale

4. Peplau

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: Sr. Callista Roys work focuses on the increasing complexity of person and environment and the relationship between and among persons, the universe, and what can be considered a supreme being or God. She uses characteristics of creation spirituality in her work and philosophy.

Rationale 2: Neuman developed her model based on the individuals relationship to stress.

Rationale 3: Nightingales theory focuses on environmental manipulation.

Rationale 4: Peplaus theory centers on the therapeutic relationship between nurse and client.

Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 42

Question 16

Type: MCSA

The nurse observes a client working to include the spouse in the treatment and recovery process of an illness. Which of Roys modes

should the nurse recognize that this client is demonstrating?

1. Physiologic

2. Self-concept

3. Role function

4. Interdependence

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: The physiologic mode involves the bodys basic physiologic needs and ways of adapting with regard to function of the bodys systems.

Rationale 2: The self-concept mode includes the physical self and the personal self.

Rationale 3: The role function mode is determined by the need for social integration and refers to the performance of duties based on given positions within society.

Rationale 4: The goal of Roys model is to enhance life processes through adaptation in four adaptive modes. The interdependence mode involves ones relations with significant others and support systems that provide help, affection, and attention. Involving a spouse with the treatment and recovery process would be an example of this mode.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 43

Question 17

Type: MCSA

A client is experiencing metabolic acidosis, a condition that involves the bodys pH level, carbon dioxide level, and bicarbonate balance. According to Roys model, to which mode should the nurse realize that this client is responding?

1. Physiologic

2. Self-concept

3. Role function

4. Interdependence

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale 1: The physiologic mode involves the bodys basic physiologic needs and ways of adapting with regard to fluid and electrolytes, activity and rest, circulation and oxygen, nutrition and elimination, protection, the senses, and neurologic and endocrine function. The pH level as well as levels of the carbon dioxide and bicarbonate ion would be physiologic mechanisms at work in the body.

Rationale 2: The self-concept mode includes the physical self and the personal self.

Rationale 3: The role function mode is determined by the need for social integration and refers to the performance of duties based on given positions within society.

Rationale 4: The interdependence mode involves ones relations with significant others and support systems that provide help, affection, and attention.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Physiological Integrity

Client Need Sub: Physiological Adaptation

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 43

Question 18

Type: MCSA

A nurse has agreed to delay a clients treatment until the matriarch of the family can be present. Understanding that this is an important consideration for this clients cultural practices, which of Leiningers intervention modes is the nurse implementing?

1. Preservation and maintenance

2. Accommodation, negotiation

3. Restructuring

4. Repatterning

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1: The preservation and maintenance mode does not involve the scenario described here.

Rationale 2: By allowing flexibility in scheduling client treatment in order to allow for the clients family member to be presentwhich in this case is an important aspect of the familys cultural practicesthe nurse accommodates the clients needs.

Rationale 3: Restructuring does not involve the scenario described here.

Rationale 4: Repatterning does not involve the scenario described here.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 43

Question 19

Type: MCSA

The nurse implements being authentically present to clients by supporting them in their beliefs and helping to instill hopefulness in their recovery. Which theorist is the nurse using when performing these actions?

1. Florence Nightingale

2. Hildegard Peplau

3. Jean Watson

4. Rosemarie Parse

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Nightingales theory involved environmental manipulation.

Rationale 2: Peplau focused on the therapeutic relationship between nurse and client.

Rationale 3: Jean Watson believes the practice of caring is central to nursing and has developed nursing interventions referred to as clinical caritas processes. Of these, being authentically present, and enabling and sustaining the deep belief system and subjective life world of self and one-being cared for is an example.

Rationale 4: Parse developed the theory of human becoming.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 4. Identify the role of nursing theory in nursing education, research, and clinical practice.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 44

Question 20

Type: MCSA

The nurse struggling with a demanding client focuses on experiencing a sense of true empathy for the clients situation. Which assumption of Parses human becoming theory is the nurse using?

1. Meaning

2. Rhythmicity

3. Intersubjectivity

4. Cotranscendence

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale 1: Meaning arises from a persons interrelationship with the world.

Rationale 2: Rhythmicity is the movement toward greater diversity.

Rationale 3: Intersubjectivity is not one of Parses assumptions.

Rationale 4: Cotranscendence is the process of reaching out beyond the self, which would be what the nurse in this scenario has implemented.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 4. Identify the role of nursing theory in nursing education, research, and clinical practice.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 44

Question 21

Type: MCSA

When a client who had a stroke gives up all hope of any amount of recovery, the nurse solicits a visit from a former stroke client who has physical limitations but has since gone back to work and, through adaptation, can function independently at home. This nurse has fulfilled which role, according to Parse?

1. Mobilizing transcendence

2. Synchronizing rhythm

3. Illuminating meaning

4. True presence

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: Mobilizing transcendence is dreaming of possibilities and planning to reach them.

Rationale 2: Synchronizing rhythm involves leading through discussion to recognize harmony.

Rationale 3: According to Parses theory, illuminating meaning refers to uncovering what was and what will be. In this situation, the stroke is what was, and the client who is now independent is what could be for the nurses current client.

Rationale 4: Nurses must provide a true presence to their clients, but this is not a role in Parses theory; it is a behavior.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 4. Identify the role of nursing theory in nursing education, research, and clinical practice.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 44

Question 22

Type: MCSA

The pediatric nurse implements Watsons assumption regarding a caring environment. Which action did the nurse take to implement this assumption?

1. Providing for all needs and cares of the nurses clients

2. Ensuring that a zone of professionalism is present between the nurse and client

3. Allowing the clients to have choices, as appropriate, in their care

4. Selecting games and activities that are age appropriate for the clients

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale 1: The nurse may not need to provide for all of the needs and cares of clients.

Rationale 2: Being conscientious of a zone of professionalism (i.e., keeping distant) would not be a characteristic of caring according to Watson.

Rationale 3: A caring environment, according to Watsons assumptions of caring, offers the development of potential while allowing the person to choose the best action for the self at a given point in time.

Rationale 4: Taking choices away from clients by making selections for them is not a good example of true caring, as defined by Watson.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: 4. Identify the role of nursing theory in nursing education, research, and clinical practice.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 44

Question 23

Type: MCMA

Nursing students have been studying the stability model of nurse theorists. What phrases or terms should the students use to describe this model?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Dominant

2. Systems framework

3. Stress/adaptation framework

4. Martha Rogerss theory

5. Caring/complexity framework

6. Callista Roys theory

Correct Answer: 1, 2, 3, 6

Rationale 1: The dominant view of nursing theories is considered the stability model.

Rationale 2: The dominant view of nursing theories is considered the stability model, and may include systems as a framework.

Rationale 3: The dominant view of nursing theories is considered the stability model, and may include stress/adaptation as a framework.

Rationale 4: The emerging view is considered the growth model, with theories using caring or complexity as frameworks. This model includes the theory of Martha Rogers.

Rationale 5: The emerging view is considered the growth model, with theories using caring or complexity as frameworks.

Rationale 6: The dominant view of nursing theories is considered the stability model and may include the theory of Callista Roy.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 42

Question 24

Type: MCMA

Grounding nursing research in theories from other disciplines is argued to be undesirable by some scholars. What should the nurse identify as reasons why grounding theory is not desired?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. It detracts from developing nursing as a separate discipline.

2. It makes nursing less relevant.

3. It helps bring a broader perspective and insight to nursing.

4. Other disciplines are not unique to the human condition.

5. Other disciplines get the benefit of nursings research.

Correct Answer: 1, 2, 5

Rationale 1: Some nursing scholars think that grounding research in theories from other disciplines detracts from the development of nursing as a separate discipline.

Rationale 2: Some nursing scholars think that grounding research in theories from other disciplines makes nursing research less relevant.

Rationale 3: Some scholars believe that bringing insights and perspectives from other disciplines helps to broaden values of the profession.

Rationale 4: Other disciplines are attentive to the human condition.

Rationale 5: Other disciplines regularly share research findings, and it does not detract from the professional source.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Diagnosis

Learning Outcome: 5. Identify one positive and one negative effect of using theory to understand clinical practice.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 38

Question 25

Type: MCMA

The nurse is implementing Watsons Assumptions of Caring philosophy. Which actions demonstrate that the nurse is using this philosophy?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Asking the client to explain the impact that his culture and religion will have on required nursing care

2. Asking clients when they prefer to be given the opportunity to bathe

3. Feeling empathy toward the clients loss of mobility as a result of a fractured hip

4. Always assuring that the client has an unobstructed view out his rooms window

5. Arranging to fulfill a clients request to stay with him during a painful diagnostic test

Correct Answer: 2, 3, 5

Rationale 1: This is more relevant to Leiningers Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory.

Rationale 2: Watson proposes that a caring environment offers the development of potential while allowing the person to choose the best action for the self at a given point in time.

Rationale 3: Watson proposes that human caring in nursing is not just an emotion, concern, attitude, or benevolent desire. Caring connotes a personal response such as empathy.

Rationale 4: This is more relevant to Roys Adaptation Model.

Rationale 5: Watson proposes that caring occasions involve action and choice by nurse and client. If the caring occasion is transpersonal, the limits of openness expand, as do human capacities.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub: Management of Care

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 44

Question 26

Type: MCMA

The nurse is using the central concepts of nursing when providing client care. What actions is this nurse performing?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Including a clients family in discussions regarding the clients discharge health needs

2. Assessing a physically dependent clients spouse for indications of caregiver stress

3. Asking clients to define what healthy and well means to them

4. Suggesting wound care supplies with the priority of cost

5. Advocating for a client who is not responding to current pain control treatment

Correct Answer: 1, 2, 3, 5

Rationale 1: One of the recognized central concepts of nursing is that the recipients of nursing care include individuals, families, groups, and communities.

Rationale 2: One of the recognized central concepts of nursing is that the nurse addresses the clients environmental surroundings, including people in the physical environment, such as families, friends, and significant others, for unmet needs that ultimately affect the client.

Rationale 3: One of the recognized central concepts of nursing is that health is the degree of wellness or well-being that the client experiences.

Rationale 4: Although important, economic frugality is not a central concept of nursing care.

Rationale 5: One of the recognized central concepts of nursing is that the nurse provides care on behalf of, or in conjunction with, the client.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Client Need Sub: Management of Care

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 38

Question 27

Type: MCMA

The nurse is planning client care while keeping in mind Orems self-care deficit theory. Which methods of helping should the nurse include when determining the best care for the client?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Balancing rest

2. Teaching

3. Supporting

4. Guiding

5. Preventing hazards to life

Correct Answer: 2, 3, 4, 5

Rationale 1: Balancing rest and preventing hazards to life are part of the universal requisites of Orems self-care needs.

Rationale 2: Orems self-care deficit theory explains not only when nursing is needed, but also how people can be assisted through methods of helping that include teaching.

Rationale 3: Orems self-care deficit theory explains not only when nursing is needed, but also how people can be assisted through methods of helping that include supporting.

Rationale 4: Orems self-care deficit theory explains not only when nursing is needed, but also how people can be assisted through methods of helping that include guiding.

Rationale 5: Preventing hazards to life is part of the universal requisites of Orems self-care needs.

.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the major purpose of theory in the sciences and practice disciplines.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 41

[New Questions: ]

Question 28

Type: MCMA

After completing a health history the nurse reviews the content to determine metaparadigms that contribute to the clients health. Which metaparadigm should the nurse categorize as being a part of the clients environment?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Diet

2. Family

3. Friends

4. Blood pressure

5. Significant others

Correct Answer: 2, 3, 5

Rationale 1: Health is the degree of wellness or well-being that the client experiences. This can be measured by diet and blood pressure.

Rationale 2: The environment is the internal and external surroundings that affect the client. This includes people in the physical environment, such as families, friends, and significant others.

Rationale 3: The environment is the internal and external surroundings that affect the client. This includes people in the physical environment, such as families, friends, and significant others.

Rationale 4: Health is the degree of wellness or well-being that the client experiences. This can be measured by diet and blood pressure.

Rationale 5: The environment is the internal and external surroundings that affect the client. This includes people in the physical environment, such as families, friends, and significant others.

Cognitive Level: Analyzing

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 3. Identify the components of the metaparadigm for nursing.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 38

Question 29

Type: MCMA

The nurse is planning interventions for a client based upon Hendersons fundamental needs. Which interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care?

Standard Text: Select all that apply.

1. Sleep 4 to 5 hours each night.

2. Attend to spiritual needs as desired.

3. Wear clothing suitable for the weather.

4. Bathe and keep the body well-groomed.

5. Restrict fluids with an elevated body temperature.

Answer: 2, 3, 4

Rationale 1: Henderson did not limit the number of hours of sleep.

Rationale 2: Henderson conceptualizes the nurses role as assisting sick or healthy individuals to gain independence in meeting 14 fundamental needs, which include worshipping according to ones faith, selecting suitable clothes, and keeping the body clean and well-groomed.

Rationale 3: Henderson conceptualizes the nurses role as assisting sick or healthy individuals to gain independence in meeting 14 fundamental needs, which include worshipping according to ones faith, selecting suitable clothes, and keeping the body clean and well-groomed.

Rationale 4: Henderson conceptualizes the nurses role as assisting sick or healthy individuals to gain independence in meeting 14 fundamental needs, which include worshipping according to ones faith, selecting suitable clothes, and keeping the body clean and well-groomed.

Rationale 5: According to Henderson, food and liquids should be adequate for the individual.

Cognitive Level: Applying

Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Client Need Sub:

QSEN Competencies: III.A. 4. Read original research and evidence reports related to area of practice

AACN Essentials Competencies: III. 2. Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice

NLN Competencies: Knowledge and Science; Practice; Translate research into practice in order to promote quality and improve practices

Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: 4. Identify the role of nursing theory in nursing education, research, and clinical practice.

MNL Learning Outcome: 1.1.1. Explain the history of nursing theory and role of nursing theory in the provision of nursing care.

Page Number: 40

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